Last updated 25th Apr 2022
- Last Updated: Sunday, 24 November 2019
Medicare Eligibility RulesIn general, U.S. citizens or permanent residents are eligible for Medicare benefits if they have worked for at least ten years in a job that paid money into the Medicare system. Eligibility can be verified simply by looking at a paycheck. Most companies show Medicare tax as a separate line item or combine it with Social Security taxes.
- Money (tax) was paid into the Medicare system for at least ten years.
- Individuals must be age 65 or older, unless they have a disability or permanent kidney failure.
Part A EligibilityMedicare Part A is the terminology used for hospital insurance. This insurance helps to pay for hospital care, skilled nursing facilities, home health care, and hospice care. Most citizens are eligible to receive Medicare Part A at age 65, and will receive this benefit without paying monthly premiums. The Medicare eligibility guidelines for Part A (hospital insurance) for individuals age 65 and older include:
- Receiving Social Security or retirement benefits from the Railroad Retirement Board.
- Eligibility to receive Social Security or retirement benefits from the Railroad Retirement Board, but have not yet applied for these benefits.
- An individual or their spouse worked for the government in a Medicare covered job.
- Receiving Social Security or benefits from the Railroad Retirement Board due to a disability for 24 months or more.
- Receiving dialysis treatments or in need of a kidney transplant.
Part B EligibilityAnyone passing the eligibility rules for Medicare Part A automatically qualifies for Medicare Part B (medical insurance). The coverage under this program is for doctor services, outpatient care, and some of the other medical services that are not covered under Part A. Unlike Part A (hospital care), Part B coverage requires payment of a monthly insurance premium. In 2019, the monthly premiums for Medicare Part B (medical insurance) were $135.50. In 2020, premiums increase to $144.60. Taxpayers with a status of married, filing jointly will pay higher premiums if their modified adjusted gross income is in excess of $174,000. The higher premium limit is $87,000 for all other taxpayers as demonstrated in the table below. Note there is a two year lag for this payment schedule (2018 income applies to 2020 premiums).
Part B Monthly Premium in 2020
|Individual Tax Returns||Married Filing Separately||Joint Tax Returns||Premium|
|$87,000 or less||$87,000 or less||$170,000 or less||$144.60|
|$87,001 to $109,000||$170,001 to $214,000||$202.40|
|$109,001 to $136,000||$214,001 to $267,000||$289.20|
|$136,001 to $163,000||$267,001 to $320,000||$376.00|
|$163,001 to $500,000||$87,001 to $413,000||$320,001 to $750,000||$462.70|
|$500,001 or more||$413,001 or more||$750,001 or more||$491.60|
Part D EligibilityEveryone that qualifies for Medicare benefits is also eligible for Medicare Part D, which is a plan that provides for prescription drug coverage. The intention of this program is to protect individuals from today's high cost of prescription drugs as well as future costs. Medicare Part D is provided by private insurance companies. Beneficiaries will need to choose, or enroll, in a drug plan and pay a monthly premium to the insurance provider they select. In addition, like other insurance, if a participant decides to delay enrollment in a drug plan when they first become eligible, they may wind up paying more for coverage later on.
Alternatives to MedicareKeep in mind there are options beyond Medicare Part A and Part B coverage. We've talked about these options in our article: Medicare Supplemental Insurance. For more information on Medicare enrollment, eligibility and monthly premiums, visit the Medicare website.
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